jump to navigation

The Web Begins September 3, 2008

Posted by Sheila in Starburst Runners, Weaving.

The steps leading up to actually weaving are many and varied.  If you are a knitter thinking about embarking on the ship that leads to weaving, you should consider whether or not you might get seasick before you have reached your destination.  This is an incomplete checklist:

  1. plan your project
  2. calculate materials (this means MATH)
  3. buy materials
  4. put a measuring string on the reel or warping board as a guide
  5. wind the warp (hours)
  6. wind a counting thread throughout the warping process to keep track of ends wound
  7. secure the warp at several places with ties
  8. take the warp off the board or reel by making a chain of the whole thing
  9. put lease sticks on either side of the cross
  10. tie the lease sticks together
  11. find the center of the reed and determine where the edge of the warp will be
  12. presley the reed (an hour or so)
  13. put all presleyed ends around a temporary stick
  14. correct errors
  15. get inside the loom
  16. remove any treadle or lamm ties and secure any hanging harnesses out of the way
  17. step outside the loom
  18. measure off sections of warp that will lie between each warp cord
  19. attach the warp and temporary stick to the back beam apron bar
  20. adjust the warp cords to be sure they are the proper length apart
  21. adjust all the warp threads so that they lie flat and in order on the apron bar
  22. check the sheds
  23. correct errors
  24. transfer the cross to the back of the reed
  25. use a partner or a clever mechanism to put tension on the front of the warp
  26. wind the warp onto the back beam (an hour or so)
  27. place warp sticks in strategic locations around the warp as you wind it
  28. get hand stuck in beater move the reed out of the beater to get the last few feet
  29. tie the back lease stick to the back bar
  30. cut the warp loops and take out the reed
  31. tie the loose warp ends into bow knots at intervals
  32. separate the warp ends into logical threading groups
  33. retie the warp ends in their logical threading groups
  34. double-check warp counts and adjust for errors
  35. find harness bars for the number of harnesses required for the design
  36. make sure enough heddles are on each set of harness bars
  37. tie strings across harness bars to secure heddles
  38. tie cords to lower harness bar for use later in tying up lamms
  39. hang appropriate number of harnesses from countermarch beam using harness holder
  40. put harness pins through all harnesses at bottom and top.
  41. put locking pins into countermarch lamms
  42. put loom bench inside loom
  43. adjust height of harnesses to be appropriate for threading
  44. adjust height of bench to be appropriate for threading
  45. get inside the loom by ducking under harnesses and coming up on top of bench; sit on bench
  46. thread the heddles one group at a time (hours or days)
  47. tie threaded warp end in bowknot
  48. check for errors
  49. hang reed in a harness from the counterbalance beam so that it is directly in front of heddles
  50. remove bench from inside loom
  51. stand inside loom
  52. measure to be sure reed is centered, adjust until centered
  53. measure from center of reed to determine starting point for sleying
  54. sley reed one group of threads at a time (hours)
  55. check for errors
  56. crawl out of the loom
  57. put reed back into beater
  58. measure to be sure reed is centered, adjust until centered
  59. if necessary, release back beam to pull off enough warp to tie onto front beam.
  60. tie warp onto front apron bar one tie for every 1/2″ or so segment
  61. adjust tension
  62. adjust tension again
  63. adjust tension again
  64. put a final tie on each knot
  65. thread a cord through the end of the warp to bring all ends even.
  66. check shed
  67. correct errors
  68. adjust height of harnesses so that threads go through the center of the heddle eyes
  69. tie harnesses to countermarch lamms
  70. attach short lamms equal to the quantity of harnesses
  71. attach long lamms equal to the quantity of harnesses
  72. crawl under the loom and sit on the back of the treadles facing front
  73. connect lower harness bars to upper lamms
  74. connect countermarch lamms to lower lamms
  75. tie each upper lamm to each treadle for each shaft that needs to sink
  76. tie each lower lamm to each treadle for each shaft that needs to rise
  77. check to make sure you have 64 treadle ties (for 8 harnesses) or 100 (for 10)
  78. crawl out of loom
  79. remove harness holders
  80. remove countermarch pins
  81. check harness height; adjust if necessary
  82. check sheds, crawl under the loom and adjust tieup if necessary
  83. adjust height of bench
  84. throw three picks of yarn without beating, in alternate sheds
  85. beat

After having survived the stormy seas, you arrive at the eminently fulfilling reward of a beautiful web (I’m sampling wefts right now, the first one is purple, the second is white (click for bigger picture):


Here you can see the sley marks where I sleyed two in some dents but only one in others. These marks will wash out when the web is wet finished and becomes actual cloth.



1. Peg in South Carolina - September 3, 2008

It’s ALL weaving! Every single task on your list is weavingI Throwing the shuttle is only one part.

2. Sheila - September 4, 2008

Well, you may be right Peg, but I think of it as Cooking/Eating. All those steps are like cooking, and throwing the shuttle is like eating. Yummy! (then there’s the cleaning up part…. we won’t go there right now)

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: